Basic Rim Info: PCD, Centrebore & Offset

DR78

500 RPM
Senior Member

DR78

500 RPM
Senior Member
Aug 26, 2005
537
45
1,528
subang
Hi, I’m just bored so thought I will share some basic info about rims. Hope it will help you as a guide before changing a new rim.



What is PCD (Pitch Circle Diameter) aka BCD (Bolt Circle Diameter)??

It is the diameter of a circle drawn through the centre of your wheel’s bolt holes. ]
P.C.D. is measured in millimeters and also indicate the number of studs or bolts the wheel will have. Proton Alloy Wheels are usually either 4×100: i.e. 4 bolt holes drilled through the centre of an imaginary 100mm circle.
About the holes & bolts attached, most Proton & Perodua Cars have 4 bolts, most U.S. passenger cars have 5 bolts while compact models sometimes have only 4 and pick-up trucks can have as many as 6 or 8.

What is Centrebore??

center bore of an alloy wheel is the size of the hole at the back of the wheel which the hub fits into. To help the wheels to seat properly this hole needs to be an exact match to the size of the hub. Please refer to the first picture above this articles.
Some factory wheels have a centerbore that matches exactly with the hub to reduce vibration by keeping the wheel centered. Wheels with the correct centerbore to the car they will be mounted on are known as hubcentric. Hubcentric wheels take the stress off the lug nuts, reducing the job of the lug nuts to center the wheel to the car.
Wheels that are not hubcentric are known as lugcentric, as the job of centering is done by the lug nuts assuming they are properly torqued down. Centerbore on aftermarket wheels must be equal to or greater than that of the hub or the wheel cannot be mounted on the car. Many aftermarket wheels come with “hubcentric rings” that lock or slide into the back of the wheel to adapt a wheel with a larger centerbore to a smaller hub. These adapters are usually made of plastic but also in aluminium.

What is Rim Offset??

The offset, measured in millimeters, can be negative or positive, and is the distance from the hub-mounting surface to the rim’s true centerline. A positive offset means the hub-mounting surface is closer to the outside edge of the wheel, i.e. the wheel wraps around the hub and brake hardware more deeply; a negative offset means the hub-mounting surface is closer to the inside edge of the wheel and wheel sticks outwards more than inwards.
Negative Offset wheels have their mounting face toward the rear of the wheel – powerful rear-wheel drive cars often have wheels with negative offset. This is the contributing factors of being a bigger “lips” rim.
When selecting aftermarket wheels, a wheel with too little positive offset will be closer to the fender, and one with too much positive offset will be closer to the suspension components. Wheel width, offset and tire size all determine the way a particular wheel/tire combination will work on a given car.

Reference guide for PCD, Centrebore size and offset based on common car models:

AUDI
Model Year PCD Offset Bore
100 90 to 94 5×112 35 to 45 57.1
200 90 to 94 5×112 40 to 45 57.1
80 92 to 95 4×108 35 to 45 57.1
90 92 to 95 4×108 35 to 45 57.1
A2 00 on 5×100 38 to 45 57.1
A3 96 to 03 5×100 35 to 45 57.1
A3 03 on 5×112 45 to 50 57.1
A4 95 on 5×112 35 to 45 57.1
A5 07 on 5×112 20 to 35 66.6
A6 95 on 5×112 35 to 45 57.1
A8 02 on 5×112 35 to 45 57.1
A8 S8 02 on 5×112 35 to 45 57.1
Allroad 00-06 5×112 15 to 25 57.1
Allroad 06 on 5×112 35 to 45 57.1
Cabriolet 92 on 4×108 35 to 38 57.1
Coupe 92 to 95 4×108 35 to 45 57.1
Q5 08 on 5×112 35 to 45 57.1
Q7 06 on 5×130 45 to 55 71.5
RS4 01 on 5×112 20 to 30 57.1
RS6 02 on 5×112 35 57.1
S3 98 to 03 5×100 35 to 45 57.1
S3 03 on 5×112 42 to 50 57.1
S4 99 on 5X112 35 to 45 57.1
S6 94 on 5×112 35 to 40 57.1
S8 01 on 5×112 20 to 30 57.1
TT 99 to 06 5×100 25 to 45 57.1
TT 06 on 5×112 42 to 50 57.1

ALFA ROMEO
Model Year PCD Offset Bore
145 94-01 4×98 35 to 38 58.1
146 94-01 4×98 35 to 38 58.1
147 00 on 5×98 35 to 38 58.1
147 GTA 02 on 5×98 20 to 35 58.1
155 93-98 4×98 35 to 38 58.1
156 98 on 5×98 35 to 38 58.1
156 GTA 02 on 5×98 30 to 40 58.1
159 05 on 5×110 30 to 42 65.1
164 4-Stud 88 to 98 4×98 35 to 38 58.1
164 5-Stud 88 to 98 5×98 35 to 38 58.1
166 99 on 5×108 35 to 45 58.1
33 86-96 4×98 35 to 45 58.1
GT 03 on 5×98 35 to 45 58.1
GTV/Spyder 95 on 5×98 30 to 40 58.1
Mito 98 on 4×98 35 to 45 58.1



BMW
Model Year PCD Offset Bore
1 Series 04 on 5×120 35 to 45 72.6
3 series 84-91 4X100 15 to 25 72.6
3 series 91-99 5×120 35 to 45 72.6
3 series 99-04 5×120 35 to 45 72.6
3 series 04 on 5×120 35 to 45 72.6
3 series M3 92 5×120 15 to 25 72.6
3 series M392-99 5×120 35 to 45 72.6
5 series 87 to 95 5×120 15 to 25 72.6
5 series 95 to 03 5×120 15 to 25 72.6
5 series 03 on 5×120 15 to 25 72.6
5 series M5 95-03 5×120 15 to 25 72.6
6 series 02 on 5×120 15 to 25 74.1
6 series M6 02 on 5×120 15 to 25 74.1
7 series 87 to 94 5×120 15 to 25 72.6
7 series 94 to 02 5×120 15 to 25 72.6
7 series 02 on 5×120 15 to 25 72.6
8 series 90 to 99 5×120 15 to 25 72.6
Mini 01 on 4X100 38 to 48 56.1
X3 04 on 5×120 30 to 50 72.6
X5 00 on 5×120 30 to 50 72.6
X6 08 on 5×120 30 to 50 72.6
Z3 03 on 5×120 37 to 45 72.6
Z4 03 on 5×120 35 to 45 72.6

CITREON
Model Year PCD Offset Bore
Berlingo 96 on 4×108 15 to 18 65.1
Berlingo 08 on 4 x 108 15 to 25 65.1
C1 05 on 4×100 35 to 45 54.1
C2 03 on 4×108 15 to 27 65.1
C3 02 on 4×108 15 to 27 65.1
C4 04 on 4×108 25 to 30 65.1
C5 01 on 4×108 15 to 27 65.1
C5 08 on 5×108 35 to 45 65.1
C8 02 on 5×98 25 to 40 58.1
Evasion & Synergi 5×98 25 to 38 58.1
Saxo 3 Stud 92 on 3×98 5 to 15 55.1
Saxo 4 Stud 92 on 4×108 15 to 20 65.1
Saxo VTR/Vti 97 on 4×108 15 to 20 65.1
Xantia 93 to 97 4×108 15 to 20 65.1
XM 89 to 00 5×108 35 to 45 65.1
Xsara 97 on 4×108 15 to 20 65.1
Xsara Picasso 99 on 4×108 15 to 20 65.1
ZX 90 to 98 4×108 15 to 20 65.1
ZX 16v 92 to 98 4×108 15 to 20 65.1

DAIHATSU
Model Year PCD Offset Bore
Applause 89 to 96 4×100 35 to 38 56.1
Charade 93 to 00 4×100 35 to 38 56.1
Charade 03 on 4×100 35 to 45 56.1
Grand Move 93 to 00 4×100 35 to 38 56.1
Materia 93 to 00 4×100 35 to 45 56.1
Sirion 98 on 4×100 35 to 45 54.1
Sportrak 92 on 5×139.7 10 to 30 109
Terios 97 on 5×114.3 35 to 38 66.6
YRV 2wd & 4wd 4×100 35 to 45 54.1

FORD
Model Year PCD Offset Bore
Cougar 98 – 02 4×108 35 to 45 63.4
Escort 81 – 90 4×108 35 to 45 63.4
Escort Cosworth 92 – 96 4×108 15 to 20 63.4
Explorer 98 on 5×114.3 20 to 40 70.6
Fiesta 83 to 01 4×108 35 to 45 63.4
Fiesta 02 on 4×108 35 to 45 63.4
Focus 98 on 4×108 35 to 45 63.4
Focus 04 on 5×108 38 to 52 63.4
Focus C-MAX 03 – on 5×108 35 to 45 63.4
Focus RS 03 – on 4×108 40 to 45 63.4
Fusion 02 – on 4×108 35 to 45 63.4
Galaxy 95 – on 5×112 35 to 45 57.1
Galaxy 06 on 5×108 40 to 50 63.4
KA 96 – on 4×108 35 to 45 63.4
Kuga 07 on 5×108 38 to 52 63.4
Mondeo 93 – 00 4×108 35 to 45 63.4
Mondeo 00 – on 5×108 35 to 45 63.4
Mustang 79 – 93 4×108 15 to 25 64.1
Probe 94 to 98 5×114.3 35 to 42 67.1
Puma 97 – 01 4×108 35 to 38 63.4
Ranger 96 on 6×139 10 to 20 101.1
Scorpio 86 to 94 5×112 35 to 38 63.4
Scorpio 94 – 00 4×108 35 to 38 63.4
Sierra & Cosworth 84 – 94 4×108 35 to 45 63.4
SMAX 06 on 5×108 35 to 45 63.4
Street KA 03 – on 4×108 35 to 45 63.4

HYUNDAI
Model Year PCD Offset Bore
Accent 94 to 00 4×114.3 35 to 45 67.1
Accent 01 on 4×100 35 to 45 54.1
Atoz & Amica 98 on 4×114.3 35 to 45 67.1
Coupe/Tiburon 95 to 01 4×114.3 35 to 45 67.1
Coupe/Tiburon 02 on 5×114.3 35 to 45 67.1
E Lantra 01 on 4×114.3 35 to 45 67.1
Getz 02 on 4×100 35 to 45 54.1
i10 07 on 4×100 38 to 45 54.1
i20 07 on 4×100 38 to 45 54.1
i30 07 on 5×114.3 35 to 45 67.1
Lantra 91 to 01 4×114.3 35 to 45 67.1
Matrix 01 on 4×114.3 35 to 45 67.1
Santa Fe 00 on 5×114.3 35 to 45 67.1
Sonata after 93 4×114.3 38 to 45 67.1
Terracan 03 on 6×139 10 108
Trajet 00 on 5×114.3 35 to 45 67.1
Tucson 04 on 5×114.3 35 to 45 67.1
XG after 00 5×114.3 35 to 45 67.1

KIA
Model Year PCD Offset Bore
Carens 00 to 05 4×114.3 35 to 38 67.1
Carens 06 on 5×114.3 35 to 38 67.1
Carnival 99 on 5×114.3 35 to 38 67.1
Cerato 04 on 4×114.3 38 to 45 67.1
Clarus 96 on 4×114.3 35 to 38 67.1
Magnetis 01 on 4×114.3 35 to 42 67.1
Mentor 94 on 4×100 35 to 45 67.1
Picanto 04 on 4×100 35 to 45 67.1
Rio 00 on 4×100 35 to 45 54.1
Sedona 99 on 5×114.3 35 to 45 67.1
Shuma 94 on 4×100 35 to 45 67.1
Sorrento 94 on 5×139.7 35 to 45 95.5
Sportage 94 to 04 5×139.7 20 to 35 108
Sportage 04 on 5×114.3 35 to 45 67.1

LEXUS
Model PCD Offset Bore
All 5×114.3 38 to 45 60.1


MAZDA
Model Year PCD Offset Bore
121 96 to 00 4×108 35 to 38 63.4
2 03 on 4×108 35 to 45 63.4
2 07 on 4×100 35 to 45 54.1
3 03 on 5×114.3 35 to 45 67.1
323 89 to 94 4×100 35 to 45 54.1
323 94 on 5×114.3 35 to 45 54.1
5 05 on 5×114.3 38 to 50 67.1
6 02 on 5×114.3 42 to 50 67.1
626 92 on 5×114.3 35 to 45 67.1
929 92 on 5×114.3 35 to 45 67.1
Bongo 95 on 5×114.3 40 to 45 67.1
Demio 98 to 02 4×100 35 to 45 54.1
Miata 91 on 4×100 35 to 45 64.1
MPV 98 on 5×114.3 35 to 45 67.1
MX3 92 to 96 4×100 35 to 45 54.1
MX5 89 to 04 4×100 35 to 45 54.1
MX5 04 on 5×114.3 35 to 45 67.1
MX6 91 to 97 5×114.3 35 to 45 59.6
Premacy 99 to 03 5×114.3 35 to 45 67.1
RX7 89 to 92 5×114.3 35 to 45 59.6
RX8 03 on 5×114.3 35 to 45 67.1
Tribute 01 on 5×114.3 35 to 45 67.1
Xedos 6 92 to 99 5×114.3 35 to 45 67.1
Xedos 9 92 on 5×114.3 35 to 45 67.1

MITSUBISHI
Evolution MK1,2,3 93 to 97 4X114.3 35 to 45 67.1
Evolution MK 4 96 to 98 5×114.3 30 to 35 67.1
Evolution MK 5 98 to 99 5X114.3 35 to 45 67.1
Evolution MK6 99 to 00 5×114.3 30 67.1
Evolution MK 7,8,9,10 5×114.3 30 67.1
FTO 94 on 5×114.3 35 to 45 67.1
Galant 96 on 4×114.3 35 to 45 67.1
Galloper 97 to 99 6×139 10 to 20 108
Grandis 03 on 5×114.3 35 to 45 67.1
GTO 90 on 5×114.3 35 to 45 67.1
L200 01 on 6×139 10 to 30 108
Lancer 92 to 98 4×100 37 to 45 56.1
Lancer 03 on 4×114.3 38 to 45 67.1
Lancer GTI 88 to 94 4×114.3 37 to 45 56.1
Outlander 03 on 5×114.3 38 to 45 67.1
Pinin 00 on 5×114.3 38 to 45 67.1
Runner 90 to 98 4×114.3 35 to 45 67.1
Shogun 00 on 6×139 10 to 20 108
Space Star 98 on 4×114.3 35 to 42 67.1
Space Wagon 90 to 98 5×114.3 35 to 38 67.1
Space Wagon 98 on 4×114.3 38 to 50 67.1
VR4 98 to 02 5×114.3 38 to 45 67.1

MERCEDES
Model Year PCD Offset Bore
190 W201 5×112 35 to 38 66.6
A Class 98 on 5×112 42 to 50 66.6
C Class W202 5×112 35 to 38 66.6
C Class W203 5×112 35 to 38 66.6
CL Class W215 5×112 35 to 45 66.6
CLK W208 5×112 35 to 38 66.6
E Class W124 5×112 35 to 38 66.6
E Class W210 5×112 35 to 38 66.6
E Class W211 5×112 35 to 38 66.6
M Class ML 5×112 35 to 50 66.6
S Class W140 5×112 35 to 40 66.6
S Class W220 5×112 35 to 40 66.6
SL Class R129 5×112 35 to 38 66.6
SL Class W230 5×112 35 to 45 66.6
SLK R170 96 on 5×112 35 to 38 66.6
Smart Car 3×112 0 to 27
Sprinter 95 on 5×130 45 to 60 84
V Class W108 5×112 42 to 50 66.6

NISSAN
Model Year PCD Offset Bore
100 NX 91 to 00 4×100 35 to 45 59.1
200 SX 88 to 94 4×114.3 35 to 42 66.1
200 SX 94 on 5×114.3 35 to 45 66.1
Almera 94 to 99 4×100 35 to 45 66.1
Almera 00 on 4×114 35 to 42 66.1
Almera Tino 00 on 5×114.3 35 to 45 66.1
Figaro 1991 4×100 35 to 45 59.1
Maxima 95 on 5×114.3 35 to 45 66.1
Micra 89 to 03 4×100 35 to 45 59.1
Murano 05 on 5×114.3 35 to 45 66.1
Navara 05 on 6×114 10 to 30 66.1
Note 06 on 4×100 35 to 45 59.1
Pathfinder 6×139 10 to 20 108
Pathfinder 05 on 6×114 10 to 20 66.1
Primera 91 to 98 4×114.3 35 to 42 66.1
Primera 02 on 5×114.3 35 to 45 66.1
Qashqai 07 on 5×114.3 35 to 40 66.1
QX 95 on 5×114.3 35 to 45 66.1
Serena 93 on 4×114.3 35 to 42 66.1
Serena 93 on 5×114.3 35 to 42 66.1
Sunny 91 to 00 4×100 35 to 45 59.1
X Trail 01 on 5×114.3 37 to 45 66.1

PROTON & PERODUA
PCD 100 x 4 hub - myvi/kenari/wira/satria/savvy
PCD 108 x 3 hub - tiara
PCD 110 x 4 hub - kancil/viva
PCD 114.3 x 4 hub - saga/waja

PEUGEOT
Model Year PCD Offset Bore
1007 05 on 4×108 20 to 25 65.1
106 3-Stud 91 on 3×98 5 to 10 55.1
106 4 Stud 91 on 4×108 15 to 20 65.1
106 GTI 96 on 4×108 13 to 18 65.1
107 05 on 4×100 35 to 45 54.1
205 / 309 84 to 99 4×108 15 to 20 65.1
206 98 on 4×108 20 to 25 65.1
207 06 on 4×108 15 to 25 65.1
3008 09 on 4×108 15 to 25 65.1
306 93 to 01 4×108 15 to 20 65.1
307 01 on 4×108 15 to 25 65.1
308 01 on 4×108 15 to 25 65.1
309 84 to 99 4×108 15 to 20 65.1
4007 07 on 5×114 37 to 45
405 87 to 97 4×108 15 to 20 65.1
406 95 on 4×108 15 to 25 65.1
407 04 on 5×108 38 to 45 65.1
605 90 to 99 5×108 35 to 38 65.1
607 01 on 5×108 35 to 38 65.1

PORSCHE
Generally all has PCD is 5 X 130 mm, Centrebore 71.5mm.
But for Cayman it is 5 X 120 mm , Centrebore 71.5mm

SUZUKI
Model Year PCD Offset Bore
Baleno 95 on 4×100 35 to 38 54.1
Esteem 95 to 97 4×100 35 to 45 54.1
Grand Vitara MK1 95 to 04 5×139.7 0 108
Grand Vitara MK2 05 on 5×114 35 to 45 60.1
Ignis 00 on 4×100 35 to 45 54.1
Liana 00 on 4×100 35 to 45 54.1
Swift 89 to 97 4×114.3 35 to 42 60.1
Swift 05 on 4×100 35 to 42 54.1
Swift Sport 06 on 5×114 38 to 45 60.1
SX4 06 on 5×114 38 to 45 60.1
Vitara 95 on 5×139.7 0 108

TOYOTA
Model Year PCD Offset Bore
4Runner 01 on 6×139.7 10 to 20 106
Auris 07 on 5×114.3 35 to 42 60.1
Avensis 96 to 03 5×100 35 to 38 54.1
Avensis Verso 01 on 5×114.3 35 to 38 60.1
Aygo 05 on 4×100 35 to 45 54.1
Camry 91 on 5×114.3 35 to 42 60.1
Carina 90 to 99 5×100 35 to 38 54.1
Celica 90 to 99 5×100 35 to 45 54.1
Celica 99 on 5×100 35 to 45 54.1
Corolla 86 to 01 4×100 35 to 45 54.1
Corolla & Verso 02 on 4×100 35 to 38 54.1
Estima 95 on 5×114.3 35 to 42 60.1
Hiace 97 on 6×139.7 20 to 25 108
Hi-Lux 01 on 6×139.7 10 to 20 106
MR2 90 to 99 5×114.3 35 to 42 60.1
MR2 00 on 4×100 35 to 42 54.1
Peaseo 85 to 01 4×100 35 to 45 54.1
Picnic 96 on 5×114.3 35 to 42 60.1
Previa 95 to on 5×114.3 35 to 38 60.1
Prius 00 on 4×100 35 to 45 54.1
Rav 4 94 on 5×114.3 35 to 42 60.1
Sienna 94 on 5×114.3 35 to 42 60.1
Soarer 97 on 5×114.3 38 to 45 60.1
Starlet 90 to 99 4×100 35 to 38 54.1
Supra 86 to 93 5×114.3 35 to 45 60.1
Surf 01 on 6×139.7 10 to 20 106
Verso 04 on 5×114.3 35 to 45 60.1
Yaris/Yaris Verso 98 on 4×100 35 to 45 54.1

VW
Beetle (old) 67 on 4×130 25
Beetle (new) 98 on 5×100 30 to 45 57.1
Bora 98 on 5×100 30 to 45 57.1
Cabrio 76 to 98 4×100 35 to 45 57.1
Caddy 03 on 5×112 35 to 45 57.1
Corrado 4 Stud 83 to 92 4×100 35 to 45 57.1
Corrado V6/5 Stud 92 to 98 5×100 20 to 35 57.1
Eos 06 on 5×112 35 to 45 57.1
Fox 06 on 5×100 35 to 42 57.1
Golf 1/Cabrio 76 to 98 4×100 20 to 40 57.1
Golf 2/3 4 Stud 84 to 98 4×100 35 to 40 57.1
Golf 3 5 stud 92 to 98 5×100 20 to 40 57.1
Golf 4 98 to 03 5×100 30 to 45 57.1
Golf 5 03 on 5×112 42 to 50 57.1
Golf 6 09 on 5×112 42 to 50 57.1
Jetta 06 on 5×112 38 to 50 57.1
Lupo 97 on 4×100 35 to 45 57.1
Passat 88 to 97 4×100 35 to 45 57.1
Passat 97 on 5×112 35 to 45 57.1
Phaeton 02 on 5×112 35 to 45 57.1
Polo 95 to 01 4×100 35 to 45 57.1
Polo 5 Stud 01 on 5×100 35 to 45 57.1
Scirocco 08 on 5×112 30 to 45 57.1
Sharan 96 on 5×112 35 to 45 57.1
Tiguan 07 on 5×112 35 to 45 57.1
Touareg 03 on 5×130 50 71.6
Touareg 2.5 TDI 03 on 5×120 30 to 50 65.1

VOLVO
Model Year PCD Offset Bore
440/460/480 86 to 97 4×100 35 to 45 52.1
7/9 Series 82 to 98 5×108 15 to 25 65.1
850 4 Stud 91 to 94 4×108 35 to 45 65.1
850 5 Stud 94 to 97 5×108 35 to 45 65.1
960 95 to 97 5×108 35 to 45 65.1
C30 98 on 5×108 35 to 45 63.4
C70/S70 98 on 5×108 35 to 45 65.1
S40/V40 96 to 00 4×114 35 to 42 67.1
S40 04 on 5×108 38 to 45 63.4
S60 00 on 5×108 35 to 45 65.1
S80 98 on 5×108 35 to 45 65.1
V50 04 on 5×108 38 to 45 63.4
V70 97 to 99 5×108 35 to 45 65.1
V70 X Country 00 on 5×108 35 to 45 65.1
XC60 08 on 5×108 35 to 50 67.1
XC70 05 on 5×108 38 to 45 65.1
XC90 01 on 5×108 35 to 50 67.1
 

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Last edited:

DR78

500 RPM
Senior Member

DR78

500 RPM
Senior Member
Aug 26, 2005
537
45
1,528
subang